Narrative journalism – or narrative journalism – is a term for journalistic texts that are constructed and conveyed as a narrative. Narrative journalism mixes fact and fiction codes, and it is therefore characteristic of the genre that it borrows a number of literary tools to describe reality. The narrative article is most often told by a third-person narrator and where the reader gets an insight into the main character’s experiences, thoughts and feelings.
Fact codes are different markers of the fact that this really happened.
It may be dialogues, data in the form of numbers, or the journalist breaking out of the narrative to write that interviews or other have been confirmed by other sources. Fiction codes are codes borrowed from fiction, from literature. The structure is a fiction code when a narrative is structured over the narrator model. The use of imagery and the narrator type are also fiction codes.
Narrative journalism relates to one or a few persons who have been involved in a case, and the reader partly follows actions, but also what the persons have thought and felt and what they have experienced.
It can also explain why some people have done as they have done.
The purpose of narrative journalism is thus to give the reader experiences and insights – and to create a reflection in the reader by giving an insight into the experiences, thoughts and feelings of the person. Narrative journalism provides an insight into what it has been like to be imprisoned by IS, or how different people have experienced the same event – a robbery at an S-train station, for example.
Narrative journalism primarily employs a scenic mode of presentation, as it just provides empathy and can describe. The main character is introduced quickly – and preferably by media res, so the reader is caught up in the story. Rear view and view can be alternated, and the scenic mode of presentation can also be replaced by a panoramic form of presentation or a passage of facts.
The protagonist (s) most often have a project that they must have solved, and only in the end will the reader be told whether the project is being solved. Therefore, many narrative articles are written over a dramaturgical model such as the storyteller model with a 1) approach and presentation of people and their project, after which the reader is introduced to a conflict that is escalating. In the escalation, there may be a point of no return where the protagonist has no opportunity to turn around and abandon his project, but has to get to the finish and get it resolved. In the climax, the conflict is resolved and the text fades out.
Structuring his narrative over such a model is one way of creating a fiction of real events.
Narrative journalism differs markedly from the report in that it is not the journalist who reports from an environment or event, but that the reader instead follows a person or few people who have been in that environment or were at that event. The journalist is thus written out of narrative journalism. In addition, the use of literary tools is stronger in your narrative journalism
Feature is another term for narrative journalism, and the genre has much in common with new journalism, but new journalism is often more experimental in its linguistic form.